Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that can result in redness, swelling and bleeding of the gums (gingiva). The condition is often painless, but if left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to the loss of tooth-supporting bone and eventually to the loss of your teeth. Periodontal disease has also been associated with systemic health problems such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease — and may even contribute to some preterm births.
Treatment for periodontal disease generally begins with a thorough examination and deep cleaning (debridement/root planing) performed by the general dentist, periodontist or dental hygienist. Further treatment and/or referral to another specialist may be needed depending on how the patient's gums respond to this initial therapy.
The American Dental Association recommends that you: